Hepatitis B VIS

What You Need to Know

Why get vaccinated?

Hepatitis B is a serious disease that affects the liver.  It is caused by the hepatitis B virus.  Hepatitis B can cause mild illness lasting a few weeks, or it can lead to a serious, lifelong illness.

Hepatitis B virus infection can be either acute or chronic.

Acute hepatitis B virus infection is a short-term illness that occurs within the first 6 months after someone is exposed to the hepatitis B virus. This can lead to:

  • fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, and/or vomiting
  • jaundice (yellow skin or eyes, dark urine, clay-colored bowel movements)
  • pain in muscles, joints, and stomach

Chronic hepatitis B virus infection is a long-term illness that occurs when the hepatitis B virus remains in a person’s body.  Most people who go on to develop chronic hepatitis B do not have symptoms, but it is still very serious and can lead to:

  • liver damage (cirrhosis)
  • liver cancer
  • death

Chronically-infected people can spread hepatitis B virus to others, even if they do not feel or look sick themselves. Up to 1.4 million people in the United States may have chronic hepatitis B infection. About 90% of infants who get hepatitis B become chronically infected and about 1 out of 4 of them dies.

Hepatitis B is spread when blood, semen, or other body fluid infected with the Hepatitis B virus enters the body of a person who is not infected. People can become infected with the virus through:

  • Birth (a baby whose mother is infected can be infected at or after birth)
  • Sharing items such as razors or toothbrushes with an infected person
  • Contact with the blood or open sores of an infected person
  • Sex with an infected partner
  • Sharing needles, syringes, or other drug-injection equipment
  • Exposure to blood from needlesticks or other sharp instruments

Each year about 2,000 people in the United States die from hepatitis B-related liver disease.

Hepatitis B vaccine can prevent hepatitis B and its consequences, including liver cancer and cirrhosis.

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Hepatitis B vaccine

Hepatitis B vaccine is made from parts of the hepatitis B virus. It cannot cause hepatitis B infection. The vaccine is usually given as 3 or 4 shots over a 6-month period.

Infants should get their first dose of hepatitis B vaccine at birth and will usually complete the series at 6 months of age.

All children and adolescents younger than 19 years of age who have not yet gotten the vaccine should also be vaccinated.

Hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for unvaccinated adults who are at risk for hepatitis B virus infection, including:

  • People whose sex partners have hepatitis B
  • Sexually active persons who are not in a long-term monogamous relationship
  • Persons seeking evaluation or treatment for a sexually transmitted disease
  • Men who have sexual contact with other men
  • People who share needles, syringes, or other drug-injection equipment
  • People who have household contact with someone infected with the hepatitis B virus
  • Health care and public safety workers at risk for exposure to blood or body fluids
  • Residents and staff of facilities for developmentally disabled persons
  • Persons in correctional facilities
  • Victims of sexual assault or abuse
  • Travelers to regions with increased rates of hepatitis B
  • People with chronic liver disease, kidney disease, HIV infection, or diabetes
  • Anyone who wants to be protected from hepatitis B

There are no known risks to getting hepatitis B vaccine at the same time as other vaccines.

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When to Do an Eye Exams For Children

Eye exams for children are extremely important, because 5 to 10 percent of preschoolers and 25 percent of school-aged children have vision problems.* Early identification of a child’s vision problem can be crucial because children often are more responsive to treatment when problems are diagnosed early.

According to the American Optometric Association (AOA), infants should have their first comprehensive eye exam at 6 months of age. Children then should have additional eye exams at age 3, and just before they enter the first grade — at about age 5 or 6.

pecifics of how eye exams are conducted depend on your child’s age, but generally the exams will include a case history, vision testing, determination of whether eyeglasses are needed, testing of eye alignment, an eye health evaluation and, if needed, prescription of eyewear.

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Polio Vaccination

One of the Recommended Vaccines by Disease

Polio is an infectious disease caused by a virus that lives in the throat and intestinal tract. It is most often spread through person-to-person contact with the stool of an infected person and may also be spread through oral/nasal secretions. Polio used to be very common in the United States and caused severe illness in thousands of people each year before polio vaccine was introduced in 1955. Most people infected with the polio virus have no symptoms; however, for the less than 1% who develop paralysis it may result in permanent disability and even death.

There are two types of vaccine that protect against polio: inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV). IPV is given as an injection in the leg or arm, depending on the patient’s age. Polio vaccine may be given at the same time as other vaccines. Most people should get polio vaccine when they are children. Children get 4 doses of IPV at these ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6-18 months, and a booster dose at 4-6 years. OPV has not been used in the United States since 2000 but is still used in many parts of the world.

Our Care:

Care Philosophy

MENDAKOTA PEDIATRICS is an award winning practice that provides personalized pediatric care for infants, children, and adolescents in an intimate, family-focused practice setting. Our families want a “medical home” where they can see their doctor and the staff knows them well. At Mendakota Pediatrics parents can be assured that each child has their own personal pediatrician.

We know health care is expensive and our families deserve to see a pediatrician. We believe that sick children should be seen the same day. We believe that impersonal, monolithic health care systems do not deliver the care families pay for.

 

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Becca and Maggie!

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We believe that pediatrician and patient families, not health care systems should make decisions regarding your child. Because we are independent, we have control over the sub specialty physician referral process. We are extremely particular about which physicians we partner with to provide the highest quality subspecialty care for each individual child. For example, we may choose to use a specialist at the University of Minnesota Children’s Hospital, at Children’s Hospital in St. Paul, or at Gillette Children’s Specialty Care. We also refer patients to private subspecialty groups that are not necessarily associated with only one hospital. We work with our families to choose the specialist who can best serve your child.

http://www.mendakotapeds.com/care.cfm

 

The Enfant®: Pediatrics Vision Test

fac7eb4a2511bef4607d9b5558ece727.jpgThe Enfant® Pediatric VEP Vision Testing System is an easy-to-operate, child-friendly, non-invasive medical device used to test for visual deficits in children six months of age and older. TheEnfant® is the only objective visual testing device for the pediatrician available today that is capable of evaluating the entire visual pathway to detect visual deficits such as optic nerve disorders, severe refractive errors, and other problems that could lead to amblyopia. How it works: After positioning three sensory pads on the child’s head, an operator initiates the test. Fun pictures appear and music plays while a series of six black and white stimuli alternate on a video display. Using Visual Evoked Potential technology (VEP), TheEnfant® recognizes the vision system’s neurological responses and processes the VEP data.

At the completion of each Enfant® vision test, simple “pass/fail” results are immediately presented on the menu-driven operator screen in both graphic and numeric formats. The results are then printed out for the patient’s medical record.glasses.jpg

The Enfant® System is available in both a portable cart point-of-use design, and a number of counter/table and wall mount configurations that can be customized to fit offices or exam rooms.

Office Location:
Mendakota Pediatrics
1880 Livingston Avenue Suite 102
West St. Paul, Minnesota 55118

Location Phone: 651-552-7999
Location Fax: 651-552-0777

http://www.mendakotapeds.com/vep.cfm

What is Congenital Heart Disease?

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Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a problem with the heart’s structure and function that is present at birth.

Causes

Congenital heart disease can describe a number of different problems affecting the heart. It is the most common type of birth defect. CHD causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects.

Congenital heart disease is often divided into 2 types: cyanotic (blue skin color caused by a lack of oxygen) and non-cyanotic. The following lists cover the most common congenital heart diseases:

Cyanotic:

Non-cyanotic:

Learn More: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001114.htm

Infant choking: How to keep your baby safe

Infant choking is scary, but it’s largely preventable. Understand why babies are so vulnerable to choking — and what you can do to prevent infant choking.

Worried about infant choking? Find out the common causes of infant choking and what you can do to help protect your baby from choking hazards.

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Why are babies vulnerable to choking?

Choking is a common cause of injury and death in young children, primarily because their small airways are easily obstructed. It takes time for babies to master the ability to chew and swallow food, and babies might not be able to cough forcefully enough to dislodge an airway obstruction. As babies explore their environments, they also commonly put objects into their mouths — which can lead to infant choking.

Sometimes health conditions increase the risk of choking as well. Children who have swallowing disorders, neuromuscular disorders, developmental delays and traumatic brain injury, for example, have a higher risk of choking than do other children.

What are the most common causes of infant choking?

Food is the most common cause of infant choking. However, small objects, parts from toys and certain types of behavior during eating — such as eating while distracted — also can cause infant choking.

Read More Here: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/in-depth/infant-choking/art-20044661